Causes and symptoms of acne in women

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Acne is a common skin condition that affects both men and women, but women are more likely to experience it due to hormonal fluctuations throughout their life. Here are some of the causes and symptoms of acne in women:


  1. Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone during puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause can cause acne in women.
  2. Genetics: A family history of acne can increase the risk of developing it.
  3. Stress: High levels of stress can trigger the production of hormones that cause acne.
  4. Cosmetics: Certain cosmetics, especially oil-based ones, can clog pores and cause acne.
  5. Diet: Consuming a diet high in refined carbohydrates, sugar, and dairy products can worsen acne.


  1. Whiteheads: Small, white bumps that are closed at the surface of the skin.
  2. Blackheads: Small, black bumps that are open at the surface of the skin.
  3. Papules: Small, red, inflamed bumps.
  4. Pustules: Small, red bumps filled with pus.
  5. Nodules: Large, painful bumps that are deep under the skin.
  6. Cysts: Large, pus-filled lumps that are deep under the skin.
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Acne can also cause inflammation, redness, and scarring. It is important to treat acne promptly to prevent scarring and improve the overall appearance of the skin.

Causes and symptoms of acne in women –

Causes and symptoms of acne in women -
Causes and symptoms of acne in women –

In adolescence, when girls see pictures of heroines’ impeccable faces in movies and magazines, they think of becoming the same themselves. Actually, in our society, people have made a spotless face the measure of beauty, which is wrong and this is the reason that when girls reach adolescence, they get tensed even after getting a pimple. While it is quite normal to get acne at this age.

Most of the girls think after the age of 20 that now let’s get rid of these acne. But is it really so? No… even after this age you can get acne, even after the age of 30, there is a problem of acne. Pimples in women are mainly due to hormonal imbalance. These are called adult acne.

Due to getting pimples and pimples on the face, women start feeling that their beauty is deteriorating and they start adopting home remedies to get rid of pimples. Due to acne, women’s self-confidence starts to weaken and many women stop meeting people or going to the office.

If you are adopting home remedies like applying cream and toothpaste without any thought, then know that without knowing the reason, nothing will be of any benefit from the use of all these things.

It would be better if you first know the cause of acne and then adopt the treatment accordingly. In this article, we are telling you in detail about the causes of acne in women.

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Causes and symptoms of acne in women
Causes and symptoms of acne in women

Why do acne happen?
By the way, there are two reasons behind the occurrence of acne at any age, first being more oily skin and secondly bacteria. Acne can also be caused by stress, dirt or clogged pores. Apart from this, changes in the level of estrogen in the body of most women or hormone imbalance is also the main reason for acne.

Symptoms of acne:
Pimples arising in women are slightly different in appearance from the acne of adolescence. The acne that comes out at this age initially looks like small red colored pimples and then gradually they get bigger. In some women, these pimples come out in the form of small lumps and later they become nails.

These pimples remain present on the face for a long time and they leave scars if they are not scratched or treated properly. Sometimes the whiteheads and blackheads present on the face also become acne later. In some women, acne occurs more on the chin than on the cheek.

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Causes of acne:
The acne that comes out on everyone’s face comes out due to different reasons. It is not necessary that because of which you are getting acne, your partner or friend should also get acne for the same reason. For example, in a humid environment,

some women get acne on their face while those who live with them are not affected by the weather. So first know the exact cause of acne and then treat it after that. Acne usually occurs in adults due to the following reasons.

1- Hormonal changes: Hormones change rapidly in women’s body usually during menstruation, pregnancy, a few weeks after childbirth and during breastfeeding, and this is the reason why the problem of acne increases in women during this time.

Actually, due to changes in hormones, the pH balance of the skin gets disturbed and the production of oil in the skin increases, resulting in acne. If you are getting acne due to hormonal imbalance, then applying cream or any home remedy on the pimples will not cure them. In such a situation, you should contact the dermatologist.

2- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): It is not only during menstruation or pregnancy that the hormone levels in the body of women deteriorate, but even if you are suffering from PCOS, a condition of hormone imbalance can arise in your body.

Most of the women today are suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Due to this disease, the hormones of men increase in the body of women, which increase the production of oil in the skin and due to the oiliness of the skin, acne starts coming out.[2]

3- Stress: Do you know that due to stress, the cycle of many hormones in the body gets disturbed? When you are under a lot of stress or fear, the adrenal gland produces more stress hormone (cortisol) and this imbalance in the skin leads to acne. This is also one of the main causes of acne in adults. So reduce stress and be happy with the help of yoga and meditation.

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4- Smoking: Cigarette smoking is very harmful for health and you will be surprised to know that due to smoking, acne also starts coming out. A research has revealed that people suffering from allergies and migraines and people who smoke are more likely to get acne.[1] Therefore, avoid smoking.

5- Air Pollution: The weather where you are living suddenly changes, or due to living in very humid and hot environment, acne also starts coming out. Actually, the air present in our environment contains many types of harmful chemicals and when they come in contact with your skin, it causes burning and itching, as well as due to these chemicals the skin becomes infected and pimples

They come out. Therefore, avoid going to highly polluted places and if your skin is sensitive then cover the skin with a handkerchief and go out.

6- Closure of pores: It is very important to keep the pores of the skin open because with the help of these pores your skin breathes. Dust, dirt and dead skin cells present in the environment clog these pores and get infected by bacteria present in the air. Due to infection, a layer is formed on them and later on these nails turn into acne. Scrub the face once a week to prevent clogging of pores.

7- Wrong diet: Apart from stress and hormonal changes, your wrong diet is also responsible for getting acne. Some people eat more fried and spicy things. Such things increase the heat of the body and then due to them acne starts coming out. The direct way to avoid this is to increase the intake of nutritious things like fruits, green vegetables etc. in the diet.

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8- Beauty Products: Everyone likes the beauty of the face and it is a good thing to take care of it. Many times it happens that women get influenced by the beauty product used by their friend and start using it themselves and then they get acne.

Actually every woman’s skin type is different and it is not necessary that the product which is good for your friend will be good for you too. Some products may contain chemicals that you are allergic to, and applying them can cause acne. So do not choose the wrong product for yourself, but do a patch test once before use and then use it.

Tips for prevent and manage acne in women:

Here are some tips to help prevent and manage acne in women:

  1. Cleanse your skin regularly: Gently cleanse your face twice a day using a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser. Avoid scrubbing your skin too hard as it can irritate the skin and worsen acne.
  2. Use non-comedogenic products: Choose makeup, moisturizers, and sunscreens labeled as non-comedogenic, which means they do not clog pores.
  3. Avoid touching your face: Touching your face frequently can transfer bacteria and oils from your hands to your face, leading to acne breakouts.
  4. Manage stress: Stress can trigger acne breakouts, so try to manage stress levels through activities like exercise, meditation, and deep breathing.
  5. Watch your diet: Consuming a diet high in refined carbohydrates, sugar, and dairy products can worsen acne. Try to incorporate more whole foods and fiber into your diet.
  6. Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help keep your skin hydrated and prevent dryness, which can exacerbate acne.
  7. Don’t pick at your acne: Picking or popping pimples can lead to scarring and can spread bacteria to other areas of the skin.
  8. Consult a dermatologist: If your acne is severe or persistent, consult a dermatologist who can recommend the appropriate treatment options, such as topical or oral medications, chemical peels, or laser treatments.

Get rid of acne:
After getting acne, most of the girls start searching the internet for ‘how to get rid of acne’ or ‘acne medicine’. It is not necessary that all the information given on the Internet is correct. Although you can use home remedies to get rid of acne, but if acne is coming out again and again, then it is better that you go to a dermatologist and get yourself treated.

FAQs: related to acne in women

here are some frequently asked questions related to acne in women:

How can hormonal changes cause acne in women?

Hormonal changes, particularly an increase in androgen hormones such as testosterone, can cause the sebaceous glands in the skin to produce more oil. This excess oil can clog pores and cause acne breakouts.

Can certain medications cause acne in women?

Yes, certain medications such as corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives, and anti-epileptic drugs can cause acne in some women.

Can stress cause acne in women?

Yes, high levels of stress can trigger the production of hormones that can cause acne.

How long does it take for acne treatment to work?

The length of time it takes for acne treatment to work depends on the severity of the acne and the type of treatment being used. It can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months to see significant improvement.

Are there any natural remedies for acne?

There are several natural remedies that can help improve acne, including tea tree oil, witch hazel, aloe vera, and green tea. However, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider before trying any natural remedies to ensure they are safe and effective.

Can acne in women be a sign of an underlying health condition?

In some cases, acne in women can be a symptom of an underlying health condition such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or thyroid disorders. If you are experiencing persistent or severe acne, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider to rule out any underlying health issues.